Biofuel technology appears to be a viable alternative to non-renewable energy sources. Nigeria, though reputed for immense petroleum resources, has potential for the development of biofuel technology, given the abundance of renewable energy resources in the country. Due to the merits of biofuel technology, Nigerian researchers are exploring ways to provide feasible and sustainable biofuel technology in the country. The objective of this paper is to provide an overview of the benefits, challenges and possible way forward. As a result, a field survey on the population perception on green energy as an alternative to petroleum dependence in Nigeria was conducted using structured questionnaire administered to 1000 respondents. Information elicited from the questionnaire include (i) potential resources (ii) limiting factors (iii) sustainability and (iv) public acceptance among other burning questions. Results showed that all the respondents were educated adults between ages 18 and 60 years; with a satisfactory approximate gender mix ratio of 1:1. Seventy-one percent (71%) opined that food security would not be adversely affected by biofuel technology. Respondents stated that the involvement of women will bring more awareness on green energy solutions in the country and lack of legislative platform for enhanced women participation in biofuel technology was perceived by 83% of the respondents as a strong deterrent. Despite the perceived challenges regarding biofuel technology in Nigeria, if given the appropriate awareness, the technology stands to have up to 90% public acceptance, alleviate poverty through job creation and provide a more friendly environment for sustainable development and diversification of economy.
Keywords Biofuel technology, renewable energy, environment, Nigeria